Is Representation Enough? Racial Disparities in Levels of Force and Arrests by Police

The research in representative bureaucracy that examines the extent to which racial congruence impacts bureaucrats’ decisions in mixed. This study adds to this literature by examining the impact of representative bureaucracy on the level of force that police officers use and whether they make an arrest in use of force encounters, while taking into consideration key situationsal conditions. Using individual-level data from New Orleans to estimate this imoact, the authors find that racial congruence and incongreunce impact policing outcomes even in the prescence of situational shortcuts theat cue decision-making. The findings show that benefits of representation are conditiional on the outcome.

The research in representative bureaucracy that examines the extent to which racial congruence impacts bureaucrats' decisions in mixed. This study adds to this literature by examining the impact of representative bureaucracy on the level of force that police officers use and whether they make an arrest in use of force encounters, while taking into consideration key situationsal conditions. Using individual-level data from New Orleans to estimate this imoact, the authors find that racial congruence and incongreunce impact policing outcomes even in the prescence of situational shortcuts theat cue decision-making. The findings show that benefits of representation are conditiional on the outcome.

File Type: 13225
Categories: Public Policy, Racial Equity